Public Speaking as a Skill

 

       skill

[英][skɪl]   [美][skɪl]

n.技能,技巧; 熟练,巧妙; 才能,本领; 

复数;skills

例句:

1.Technical skill is not enough. "
          仅有技术技能还不够。”

2.In politics lately, it's a skill that has no doubt proved particularly useful.
          这个技巧在近年的政治环境中无疑非常管用。

3.Perhaps learning a new skill might interest you.
          或许你会对学习新技术感兴趣。

4.The measure used is stock-picking skill. 
           依据的标准是选股能力。

5.Is this success due to luck or skill?
          这样的成功应该归功于运气还是技艺? 

Why study public Why Public Speaking Is So Important?

In a society, citizens have many opportunities to speak out on political issues and you have the right and the responsibility to make your opinions known, even if you don’t run for public office.You will find many opportunities to express your ideas at town meetings and other forums that will allow open, public discussion.School board and city council meetings, for example, offer built-in opportunities for ordinary citizens to express their positions on local issues.Government department hold hearings to learn the pros and cons of proposed laws.Citizens can use these opportunities to speak out on such issues as the environment, urban problems, human rights, and welfare housing projects.Remember the spoken word is a powerful tool for influence.Public speakingskillswill help you make a difference.As you studying public speaking, you are preparing for many of speaking situations faced by presidents, generals, business leaders, celebrities and reformers.You are also preparing for the more common situations faced by teachers, sale people, bank clerks, and others who want to make things better for themselves and their community.

For example

When you apply for a job, you learn the skills necessary to do that job.Employers want the employees who not only know their field but also can effectively communicate.In fact, promotions may be based on an employee’s ability to communicate effectively with others.As a result, many business people must make presentations within their own companies and must participate in community and social functions that require speaking and listening skills.Many companies spend a lot of money annually on workshops to improve employees’ speaking and listening skills.The number of speaking opportunities in business and industry shows why speech training is so important.When a salesperson demonstrates how a product works to potential customers, public speaking skills are essential.A sales meeting, a banquet, and a staff meeting are opportunities for employees to advance their careers through public speaking.Because public speaking is so much a part of the business world.By listening well, you will learn more quickly and handle your job more effectively.

 

Many students ask why they should learn to give speeches

 They often argue that they don’t plan to be politicians, members of board, or company presidents.Students think that those are the only careers that require public speaking but overlook the fact that most of the thousands of speeches delivered every day are given by average people.The coach who explains and demonstrates the right way to make a lay-up is giving a speech.So are the police officer who speaks to second graders about not talking to strangers and the parent who reports to 110 about a traffic accident.
        If you think about it, you’ve given and listened to more speeches than you realize.It only makes sense to study how to do it well, because speech-making is such an important part of your daily life.Most good speakers learn the speech-making skills; they weren’t born with them.What is more, there are listening techniques that will help you get more out of the speeches you hear.You never know when you’ll have the opportunity to present a speech or to listen to one.By learning good speech-making techniques, you can take advantage of opportunities at school, on the job and as a citizen in society.

 

Students in the lecture.

        As a student, you listen to class lectures every day.You also hear student speakers at assemblies or other school activities.While those situations are the most obvious that you regard them as public speaking, but they are not the only ones.You have been in school long enough to know that school provides many opportunities to speak in public.Students who give reports in English, take part in group discussions in history, and participate in extracurricular organizations express their ideas through public speaking.You’ll be able to improve your grades by giving speeches or oral reports about class projects.You can have an impact in school affairs as you learn to voice your opinion.You will also discover that you can learn from other students’ reports or speeches.As you become a better listener, your understanding of a variety of topics will grow.Many students who take advantages of speaking opportunities are outstanding among students, because of their ability to communicate their ideas to others.Your future success may be influenced by these opportunities. 

Conclusion

This video focuses on where public speaking comes from and how public speaking should be considered a skill. It introduces the video series and highlights the skills we'll be discussing.

The main content

I plan to provide you with knowledge and practical information

to improve your ability to speak publicly and in front of an audience

Speaking in front of an audience is a skill that can be learnt

not unlike speaking privately

In our society  we spend most of our time speaking in conversation

and we are experts at doing so

We do not  however 

get as many opportunities to speak in front of an audience

unless we pursue a career where we frequently do so

like teaching

Just like any other skill  if we have not practiced it

we will likely not be great at it

These videos will hopefully help with a foundation of these skills

but it is up to you

to view every chance to speak in front of an audience

as a chance to practice

The history of public speaking is long and deep

In Ancient Greek city states

the practice began as orators or officials  would speak to crowds and audiences

Aristotle  Plato  Socrates

developed theories on the ways to speak to an audience

grab their attention and make arguments

Rhetoric  or the art of persuasion  was born

Schools  dedicated to the skill  were started

and such these skills were propagated and taught throughout the countries

From there it went to the Romans

and has continued to modern times

We've seen many great politicians rise through the ranks using these skills

Abraham Lincoln was well known for his speeches and ability to affect the crowd

Martin Luther King  Jr  used skillful speaking to lead a civil rights revolution

Even people that we don't associate with being good

such as Adolf Hitler

was known for his passionate speaking ability which incited Germany to war

He may not have had the best intentions

but he was a competent and powerful speaker

who is able to show crowds what his perspective was

and persuade them to do his bidding

His antithesis  Winston Churchill 

may resolute speeches that kept England from falling to Germany

In a way  these two waged a war of words through their public speaking

Even in current times with American president Barack Obama

we can see how his speaking skills have elevated him and

he is well known for his distinctive speaking style

One may ask

if public speaking is still as relevant today in our new multimedia world

We have radio  TV  the Internet

Social media has created a public forum

that reaches millions of people with a single message

There are alternatives to sitting down  writing the speeches

and then standing in front of an audience to deliver it

Consider for a moment

how many of those mass messages are inappropriate  lacking in tact

or fail to deliver a message clearly with emotional impact

Public speaking is more than simply conveying information

Public speaking is about an idea  an emotion  and making a connection

Those things in turn may help you to persuade an audience

or implant your convictions in their minds

Public speaking is difficult

I'm sure many of you have sat through a speech

that could not keep your interest and made you want to fall asleep

For example 

I'm sure you've had a lecture in a class that you've found boring

When I was in 5th grade

I had a history class that was incredibly hard to sit through

It consisted of a sitting in our seats

looking at the outline my teacher had prepared on the overhead projector

and then me copying 

word for word the outline while my teacher read it aloud

While that may have technically been public speaking

it failed to engage me on any level except for pain

I'm positive this is not uncommon

One of the modern staples in lecturing  presentations and reports are Power Point Slides

The lights dim 

The screen shines up and colorful words start flashing across the screen

They've become a stand in for public speaking

and gone from tool to master of the word

However  these PPTs can do us a disservice

They stunt our ability to speak to an audience

and have the audience focus on us

rather than looking at the screen

Too often audiences will look at the screen  read the PPTs behind the speaker

and ignore the speaker completely

Sometimes they can stop paying attention entirely  especially in a dimlylit room

We will discuss appropriate use of PPTs in a later video

But the focus here will be on the speaker's skills with words 

addressing an audience head on

and attempting to teach you ways to engage your audience without distracting from you

That's what public speaking is really about

Talking from your perspective and delivering yourself to your audience

Making a connection with an audience can be difficult but ultimately rewarding

Thank you for listening 

We will continue on the next lesson

about the differences between public speaking and private speaking