Gestures and Movement

      gestures

n.手势( gesture的名词复数 ); 姿势; 姿态; 表示; 

v.做手势( gesture的第三人称单数 ); 

 

例句:

1.• '721--Unlocking a device by performing gestures on an unlock image
          •'721——在解锁图像上通过手势为设备解锁

2.The gestures have the opposite meaning.
           这手势是相反的意思。

3.There were no comparable gestures from the other side.
          另一个阵营方面却没有相应的姿态。

4.Gestures add energy and show enthusiasm.
           你的姿势使你变得更有力、更有激情。

5.But governments need to avoid populist gestures.
          但是政府需要避免代表民众利益的政治姿态。

movement

[英][ˈmu:vmənt][美][ˈmuvmənt]
       n.运动; 活动; 动作,举动; 乐章;

复数:movements

例句:

1.Is the occupy movement the coming out party for kickstarter?
          占领运动是Kickstarter的亮相派对吗?

2.His movement is starting to get organized.
          他的动作开始变得有组织了。

3.Movement produces kinetic energy, which can be converted into power.
          移动产生热动能,这些可以转化成电能。

4.Significant movement across this border is almost impossible.
          跨越这一边界进行重要活动几乎是不可能的。

5.Take the occupy wall street movement.
           以占领华尔街行动为例。

                        

 the main content

here with another lesson on English Public Speaking

Last video we discussed the importance of appearance and poise

particularly in the aspects of your clothing  posture and facial expressions

Today we’re going to discuss how movement and gestures can also be used

while speaking to add to your communication and effect

First let’s talk about movement in terms of your body

In particular I’m referring to instances where a speaker might walk around a stage

or step away from where they are standing

Movement like this is situational 

Whether you should move or not depends on the forum and the occasion  

If you are giving a speech from a podium with a fixed microphone 

you will likely not move from that spot

If you are giving a speech on a stage

with a handheld microphone or one that is attached to you

then moving might be more appropriate

In cases where you have freedom to move  doing so can be beneficial

because it creates different perspectives for the audience

You are much more likely to have an audience continuing to listen to you

if they have to follow you with their eyes

rather than simply just resting them in place

It can work to draw them in

If you do move  do not move quickly 

You should move slowly and deliberately

Moving slowly gives the impression of control and control means power 

power means confidence

As we have already said

confidence is extremely important in keeping the audience engaged

Moving quickly gives the impression that you are nervous  or not in control

Avoid running around the stage like a scared rabbit

Moving is also important

because it allows you as the speaker

to avoid becoming locked in to a stance

If your knees and hips become locked you lose breath support 

and in turn it can lower your emotional and energy level 

Being energetic  again  keeps your audience engaged 

You do not have to move far to do this

Simply shifting your weight from one leg to the other

or taking a small step can help with these issues

You do not want to become stiff like a robot

or a guard on duty

It will again make you appear rigid

and may affect your delivery in other ways such as tone or dynamics

What if you are at a podium and can’t move?

Even in this situation you can shift your weight

and take a small step to either side

as long as you stay behind the podium

So how about hand gestures?

Speakers use hand gestures to add emotion or emphasize points

Additionally hand gestures become ways for speakers to reflect image in their words

They can be an important tool in speaking

I want to emphasize  however  that hand gestures are not a necessity

Sometimes if they are exaggerated too far they can actually hurt your speech

they can distract from what you are saying

Hand gestures must be natural extensions of the meanings we are trying to convey

and not seem strange or out of place

Things like counting on fingers 

or moving a hand outwards

are simple actions that can help carry a meaning to an audience

If done right  the audience should not even notice that they are being done

Avoid using the same gesture over and over because that may become distracting

Here is a short clip of James Cameron speaking at a TED conference

Notice the ways he uses his hands to emphasize points and engage his audience

视频1的【7:28-8:10】

In the video you may have notice

how he points to himself when he says I

Or how he slapped his hand into his other hand

when he mentioned convincing the studio

You may have noticed how when he referenced going back to a previous idea

he moved his hands from in front of himself to the side

indicating the past

These are just a few gestures

that are very naturally acted out in the clip

The movements of his hands often mirror the movements of his words

But notice that they never become too involved 

The gestures are simple for the most part 

Keeping it simple is extremely important

So keep in mind movement for staying relaxed  comfortable and confident

And remember to think about hand gestures not as a necessity

but as a possibility to add additional emphasis and emotional expression

They are tools for improving your ability to speak in front of an audience

Thanks again for watching 

Tune in next time for a discussion on pausing and pause avoidance