Dynamics;The Dpice of Speaking



the main content

 today we’re going to talk about dynamics in speech delivery

Last video we talked about pausing while speaking

and our tendency to avoid silence with noises

This is part of dynamics The other part of dynamics is speaking

Dynamics refers to the level of sound

and the changes in the sound and pitch of our voice

Specifically we will be talking about volume pitch

and the speed at which we speak

Let’s first think back to the differences between private and public speaking

When we speak to each other we are close together

Usually only a few feet apart

In this situation how loud do you need to be

How high do you have to raise your pitch to indicate surprise 

How pressed for time are you

In each case the shorter distance between you and your speaking partner

enables you to speak softer more subtly

and as fast as your conversation partner can understand

Now imagine yourself on a stage

in front of an audience that reaches towards the back of a large room
 
How loud do you have to speak

Loud enough for your voice to reach the furthest person from you

You must speak loudly

If you have a microphone it can help

but even then you need to speak loud enough

for your voice to carry through the entire room

Distance flattens our voice

as the sound waves lengthen and disperse the further they travel

This means that with a microphone

you need to exaggerate tone and pitch in order to create nuance

Imagine a movie

When the camera focuses on the main actor

it gets as close and resembles private speaking

It allows the actor to be subtle in his facial expressions

quiet and use subtle changes in pitch

However in front of a large audience you can’t be quiet or subtle

In front of a large audience you need to be large

Now I’ve mentioned pitch and tone several times

What do these mean

Think about singing

When you sing your voice goes up and down scales

The higher pitch is thinner and sharper

and the lower pitch is usually deep and wider with a larger residence 

These help to convey different emotions when speaking

Surprise Anger Sadness Happiness

Emotions help to engage our audience’s attention and keep their interest

The one thing you must avoid is a flat tone

When you speak in one tone this is called monotone

Mono means one

Doing this creates a very flat performance that is extremely boring

Why is this

Our minds are very powerful

The brain recognizes patterns and loud noises or soft noises

If a pattern of noise continues over and over

our brains begin to tune it out

It actively begins to turn down the volume in our heads

If a speaker uses the same tone all the way through

the brain recognizes that sound and tone as white noise

or nonsense noise that can be faded into the background

There is nothing new about the pattern

that indicates to our brains that is important to listen to it

So even if you are trying to actively listen to somebody’s speech

our brains will hear a monotonous pattern and tell us it’s not important

So we have to fight this human instinct

We have to be louder and quieter

We have to raise our pitch and lower it in unexpected ways

We have to defeat the human brain

By changing the pattern we tell our listeners and their brains

that this is new important different from before

The brain wakes up It pays more attention

So be loud be exaggerated in your tone and pitch

Raise your voice lower your voice

The changes make the human mind work

Another way to change the pattern

is to change the speed or rate of speaking

Usually we do not want to speak too fast

or people will get lost and be unable to understand you

because they won’t be able to follow the meaning of what you are saying

Don’t speak too slowly the entire way through

You will bore your audience

Instead find a median speed

and then sometimes go faster and sometimes go slower

Use the speed to emphasize something

If you have an important point slow down as you lead up to it

Whatever you do don’t stay the same

Again make your audience’s brains work

Here’s a clip from President Obama’s Inaguration Speech

Pay attention to the different tones he uses to convey emotion

and the different speed of speech that he uses to give us new information

 视频3【1:15-1:50】

Notice how Obama’s pitch goes down as he says

“amid gathering clouds and raging storms”

He is indicating something that is more serious or not so light-hearted

As he nears the end of the clip

he begins to speak about “this generation of Americans”

that is when his voice starts to go up

to indicate more promise and hope

Again the use of stylistic pausing is evident

but also his tone is conveying a sense of importance and gravity

In conversation subtle changes in our tone are easy to identify

But with a large audience that is far away

they can’t read your tone if it is too small

Imagine having a small sign

This small sign may suffice when you are near a person

but when you have someone who is farther away you need a larger sign

Emphasize exaggerate act up

It may feel weird to you to act so big

but to your audience it will feel normal

This concludes our section on videos dealing specifically with delivery and performance

Next video we’ll begin to discuss

the content and matter of our speeches and speech writing

Thanks for watching see you next time


                                   Dynamics;The Dpice of Speaking



the main content

 today we’re going to talk about dynamics in speech delivery

Last video we talked about pausing while speaking

and our tendency to avoid silence with noises

This is part of dynamics The other part of dynamics is speaking

Dynamics refers to the level of sound

and the changes in the sound and pitch of our voice

Specifically we will be talking about volume pitch

and the speed at which we speak

Let’s first think back to the differences between private and public speaking

When we speak to each other we are close together

Usually only a few feet apart

In this situation how loud do you need to be

How high do you have to raise your pitch to indicate surprise 

How pressed for time are you

In each case the shorter distance between you and your speaking partner

enables you to speak softer more subtly

and as fast as your conversation partner can understand

Now imagine yourself on a stage

in front of an audience that reaches towards the back of a large room
 
How loud do you have to speak

Loud enough for your voice to reach the furthest person from you

You must speak loudly

If you have a microphone it can help

but even then you need to speak loud enough

for your voice to carry through the entire room

Distance flattens our voice

as the sound waves lengthen and disperse the further they travel

This means that with a microphone

you need to exaggerate tone and pitch in order to create nuance

Imagine a movie

When the camera focuses on the main actor

it gets as close and resembles private speaking

It allows the actor to be subtle in his facial expressions

quiet and use subtle changes in pitch

However in front of a large audience you can’t be quiet or subtle

In front of a large audience you need to be large

Now I’ve mentioned pitch and tone several times

What do these mean

Think about singing

When you sing your voice goes up and down scales

The higher pitch is thinner and sharper

and the lower pitch is usually deep and wider with a larger residence 

These help to convey different emotions when speaking

Surprise Anger Sadness Happiness

Emotions help to engage our audience’s attention and keep their interest

The one thing you must avoid is a flat tone

When you speak in one tone this is called monotone

Mono means one

Doing this creates a very flat performance that is extremely boring

Why is this

Our minds are very powerful

The brain recognizes patterns and loud noises or soft noises

If a pattern of noise continues over and over

our brains begin to tune it out

It actively begins to turn down the volume in our heads

If a speaker uses the same tone all the way through

the brain recognizes that sound and tone as white noise

or nonsense noise that can be faded into the background

There is nothing new about the pattern

that indicates to our brains that is important to listen to it

So even if you are trying to actively listen to somebody’s speech

our brains will hear a monotonous pattern and tell us it’s not important

So we have to fight this human instinct

We have to be louder and quieter

We have to raise our pitch and lower it in unexpected ways

We have to defeat the human brain

By changing the pattern we tell our listeners and their brains

that this is new important different from before

The brain wakes up It pays more attention

So be loud be exaggerated in your tone and pitch

Raise your voice lower your voice

The changes make the human mind work

Another way to change the pattern

is to change the speed or rate of speaking

Usually we do not want to speak too fast

or people will get lost and be unable to understand you

because they won’t be able to follow the meaning of what you are saying

Don’t speak too slowly the entire way through

You will bore your audience

Instead find a median speed

and then sometimes go faster and sometimes go slower

Use the speed to emphasize something

If you have an important point slow down as you lead up to it

Whatever you do don’t stay the same

Again make your audience’s brains work

Here’s a clip from President Obama’s Inaguration Speech

Pay attention to the different tones he uses to convey emotion

and the different speed of speech that he uses to give us new information

 视频3【1:15-1:50】

Notice how Obama’s pitch goes down as he says

“amid gathering clouds and raging storms”

He is indicating something that is more serious or not so light-hearted

As he nears the end of the clip

he begins to speak about “this generation of Americans”

that is when his voice starts to go up

to indicate more promise and hope

Again the use of stylistic pausing is evident

but also his tone is conveying a sense of importance and gravity

In conversation subtle changes in our tone are easy to identify

But with a large audience that is far away

they can’t read your tone if it is too small

Imagine having a small sign

This small sign may suffice when you are near a person

but when you have someone who is farther away you need a larger sign

Emphasize exaggerate act up

It may feel weird to you to act so big

but to your audience it will feel normal

This concludes our section on videos dealing specifically with delivery and performance

Next video we’ll begin to discuss

the content and matter of our speeches and speech writing

Thanks for watching see you next time