Speech Endings

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today we are going to be discussing Endings of speeches.

It may seem odd to jump straight from Openings to Endings,

but these two sections of a speech

have much more in common than you might think.

In many ways they mirror each other in both purpose and form.

Talking about them together helps us to understand the circular nature of a speech

that you should try to emulate.

First of all, Openings and Endings share one common goal,

which is to explain to the audience what the speech is about.

When we write an opening, the purpose should be clear.

We are trying to give an outline of what the audience should expect. 

Similarly, when we write an ending or a conclusion we are looking to summarize

what has already been said in the speech.

We are wrapping things up and giving our final thoughts

which should mirror the thoughts we had at the beginning of the speech.

You don’t want your final thoughts to be different

from what you originally told the audience

because it will confuse them.

The ending should summarize the main ideas.

You may want to reference specific ideas that have already been discussed,

or reference a specific example that you used in the speech.

This reminds the audience

of those great points you made in the middle of the speech.

In a way the ending is a way to tell your audience,

“Oh yeah, remember this and this?”

By reminding them

you leave them with your final ideas and the reasoning behind it.

This also helps with the idea of feeling complete.

If your ending is similar in tone

and has the same ideas as the part of the beginning,

it feels to the audience as though you have come full circle.

In other words, you are resolving the speech.

Resolving and giving closure to the audience

makes it feel as though the speech is really over

and that they have gotten all the information that you were going to give.

You do not want the audience to feel like you simply stopped the speech.

An abrupt ending can leave your audience feeling confused.

When you are actually performing the ending during a speech 

you should indicate with your tone or your voice

that you are wrapping things up.

Phrases like “in conclusion”, “Finally”, “Ultimately”

and any phrase that begins to reference what you’ve already talked about

are all cues to the audience that you are getting closer to the end.

Today I have the conclusion to the speech on social networking

that we looked at in the last video.

You may remember that the theme was

that social networking provides unexpected connections

that may or may not be real.

This conclusion has a similar message.

The first line of the conclusion references a personal experience

the speaker used as an example earlier in the speech.

As does the second.

The third line is about Obama and Twitter,

which reminds us of the humourous opening

and the example of being friends with Obama.

This makes us feel the humor from the opening

and also helps us to close the circle between the opening and the ending.

The final two sentences sum up the entire point of the speech.

“But I know each of these for what they are.

There are illusions on these networks and real connection takes real work.”

This ending helps us to see

how the speaker views social networks as a tool and not the final product.

The repetition of the word “real” in the final line creates an emphasis

and when it’s juxtaposed with illusion

it creates a strong contrast that leaves the audience with an impact.

The final line of any speech should do something similar.

You want to reinforce your message and also do it in a way

that makes the audience feel a connection or emotion.

This is again mirroring the opening.

The opening tried to hook the audience and grab their attention.

This final line does the same,

dragging the audience in for a final thought before letting them go.

You want them to be thinking about that last impact in the speech.

So that brings us to the end of our discussion on Endings today.

Join me next time

when I talk about some of the elements of the body of a speech.

Thanks for watching.